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Infrastructure Transport infrastructure

Transport infrastructure is a type of infrastructure, a complex of all industries and transport companies making transportation and ensuring their implementation and maintenance.

Movement of people and goods is made due to the transport function, it is a necessary binding part. Its development is usually corresponds to the level of development of all the other functions of the territory. However, transport infrastructure can both connect different areas and share: busy highways can be a serious obstacle for residents.

In all forms of settlements accommodation, work, parks and other territory functions occupy certain areas. Zone of engineering and transport infrastructure are areas for placement and operation of facilities and communications of railway, motor, river, sea, air and pipeline transport, networks, engineering equipment.

Roads make a network of lines and points, the type of these networks defines town-planning character of the city, its composition being a priority factor of urbanization. Transport infrastructure, usually fits into relief and also identifies environmental situation.

Systems of infrastructure include both fixed assets and control system and also software required for operation, control and monitoring systems, as well as various ancillary buildings, enterprises or mechanisms that are an integral part of the system.

Transport infrastructure consists of the following components:

  • roads and highway networks, including such structures as bridges, tunnels, culverts, retaining walls; electrical systems - street lighting and traffic lights;
  • mass transit systems, such as a commuter rail system, subways, tramways, trolleys, bus transportation;
  • railways, including structures such as terminal facilities (rail yards, railway stations), level crossings, signaling and communications systems;
  • canals and navigable waterways requiring continuous maintenance (dredging);
  • seaports and lighthouses;
  • airports, including air navigational systems;
  • bicycle paths and pedestrian walkways, including pedestrian bridges, pedestrian underpasses and other specialized structures for cyclists and pedestrians;
  • ferries.
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