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Power Generation of nuclear energy

The principle of receiving nuclear energy is based on nuclear responses and radioactive decay therefore utilized electrical and/or thermal energy is made. In some applications it is used nuclear energy generated in the non-reactor sources, such as generators termoizotopnyh. Historically, nuclear power has emerged as a derivative of nuclear weapons. Conversely, since the 1960s the easiest way to obtain nuclear weapons was the development of nuclear power.

Russia has the technology of nuclear power full cycle from uranium mining to power generation, has significant proven reserves of ores, as well as in the weapons stockpile.

Advantages:

  • the nuclear power allows to reduce bursts of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and in case of normal maintenance bears much less risks for environment, than other types of power generation;

  • the cost of electricity produced at the plant is lower than in most other types of plants.

One of the largest Russian nuclear power plants - "Balakovo nuclear power plant" - works in the base of the load curve of United Energy System of the Middle Volga. The primary uranium producer is "Argun Industrial Mining and Chemical Union".

Soviet Union began to build nuclear power plants abroad in the middle of -1960s . The very first such station became NPP " Reinsberg " in East Germany, it was let in maintenance in May 1966. In the aftermath the following nuclear power plants were built by Soviet specialists and according to Soviet design: "Kozloduy" in Bulgaria, the NPP "Nord" in the GDR, the NPP "Loviisa " in Finnish, "Paks" in Hungary, the NPP "Bohunice" and "Dukovany" in Czechoslovakia.

Construction of nuclear power plants abroad is one of the main Russian export of high technology. Now Russia is one of the world's leaders in the number of power units under construction abroad. At present, in agreement with other countries, Russia is building two nuclear power units in India, two - in Bulgaria and one - in Iran. For the first time in post-Soviet history in 2007 two units of Tianwan nuclear power plant were let in maintenance, which immediately became the most powerful nuclear power plant in China.

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